domingo, 10 de agosto de 2014

Método para evaluar la accesibilidad de un sitio web

Recientemente, el pasado 10 de julio, el W3C publicó la nota Website Accessibility Conformance Evaluation Methodology (WCAG-EM) 1.0. Este documento explica cómo se debe evaluar la accesibilidad de un sitio web para comprobar lo bien que se ajusta a WCAG 2.0.

El proceso de evaluación consta de 5 pasos:

Step 1: Define the Evaluation Scope
Step 1.a: Define the Scope of the Website
Step 1.b. Define the Conformance Target
Step 1.c: Define an Accessibility Support Baseline
Step 1.d: Define Additional Evaluation Requirements (Optional)

Step 2: Explore the Target Website
Step 2.a: Identify Common Web Pages of the Website
Step 2.b: Identify Essential Functionality of the Website
Step 2.c: Identify the Variety of Web Page Types
Step 2.d: Identify Web Technologies Relied Upon
Step 2.e: Identify Other Relevant Web Pages

Step 3: Select a Representative Sample
Step 3.a: Include a Structured Sample
Step 3.b: Include a Randomly Selected Sample
Step 3.c: Include Complete Processes

Step 4: Audit the Selected Sample
Step 4.a: Check All Initial Web Pages
Step 4.b: Check All Complete Processes
Step 4.c: Compare Structured and Random Samples

Step 5: Report the Evaluation Findings
Step 5.a: Document the Outcomes of Each Step
Step 5.b: Record the Evaluation Specifics (Optional)
Step 5.c: Provide an Evaluation Statement (Optional)
Step 5.d: Provide an Aggregated Score (Optional)
Step 5.e: Provide Machine-Readable Reports (Optional)

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