viernes, 4 de mayo de 2018

Estadísticas de discapacidad en Estados Unidos

No es reciente, es del año 2012, pero es la información más oficial y actualizada que existe: Nearly 1 in 5 People Have a Disability in the U.S., Census Bureau Reports. Este dato se basa en el censo realizado en EEUU en el año 2010. El censo se realiza cada 10 años, así que habrá que esperar un poco hasta el siguiente.

La nota de prensa dice:
About 56.7 million people — 19 percent of the population — had a disability in 2010, according to a broad definition of disability, with more than half of them reporting the disability was severe, according to a comprehensive report on this population released today by the U.S. Census Bureau.

The report, Americans with Disabilities: 2010, presents estimates of disability status and type and is the first such report with analysis since the Census Bureau published statistics in a similar report about the 2005 population of people with disabilities. According to the report, the total number of people with a disability increased by 2.2 million over the period, but the percentage remained statistically unchanged. Both the number and percentage with a severe disability rose, however. Likewise, the number and percentage needing assistance also both increased.

[..]

The report shows that 41 percent of those age 21 to 64 with any disability were employed, compared with 79 percent of those with no disability. Along with the lower likelihood of having a job came the higher likelihood of experiencing persistent poverty; that is, continuous poverty over a 24-month period. Among people age 15 to 64 with severe disabilities, 10.8 percent experienced persistent poverty; the same was true for 4.9 percent of those with a nonsevere disability and 3.8 percent of those with no disability.


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