viernes, 31 de julio de 2020

CSS para mejorar la legibilidad de los textos

En el artículo Modern CSS Techniques To Improve Legibility de Smashing Magazine explican cómo mejorar la legibilidad de los textos con CSS.

miércoles, 29 de julio de 2020

Juego ganador del concurso Disability Serious Game

Hace un mes se publicó la nota de prensa ‘Able Center, idea ganadora del concurso ‘Disability Serious Game’.

En el sitio web del concurso Disability Serious Game se puede encontrar más información. Hay una guía básica de conceptos de discapacidad, accesibilidad y videojuegos.

Y relacionado con este concurso, muy interesante todo el análisis que se realiza en Cómo pueden los videojuegos potenciar la vida de las personas con discapacidad.

lunes, 27 de julio de 2020

Las distintas formas de esconder el contenido en el navegador

En Inclusively Hidden:

There are various ways to hide content in web interfaces, but are you aware of the different effects they have on the accessibility of that content? While some might think it’s strange to have multiple different ways to hide content, there are certain benefits that each method provides.

There have been many articles written about hiding content, and this post will cover some of the noted methods, and purposefully ignore others. This article will highlight the methods of hiding content that are most appropriate for modern web development, and note the accessibility impacts of each.

[...]

To wrap this all up…

Let’s do a quick recap:

  1. There are three categories of hidden content:
    1. Completely Hidden.
    2. Visually Hidden.
    3. Only Hidden from Assistive Technology.
  2. Depending on the type of content, you will need to use an appropriate technique to hide it, via:
    1. Using CSS or [hidden] to hide content completely.
    2. Using visually-hidden / sr-only classes to visually hide content, but keep it available for assistive technologies.
    3. Or using aria-hidden="true" to hide content specifically from screen readers.

Going back to my initial question “why are we hiding content?”, it’s apparent that there are some elements of a UI that truly need to be hidden. And while we have techniques to hide content, but still make it accessible for assistive technology users, I wouldn’t necessarily jump to these techniques as design solutions.

The goal should be to craft interfaces and experiences that are accessible and understandable to as many people as possible. Not to create interfaces where we can shoe horn in additional context by visually hiding it by default.

miércoles, 22 de julio de 2020

Accesibilidad de páginas web: WordPress

Accesibilidad de páginas web: WordPress, webinar organizado por la Unidad Académica de Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación de la Universidad Católica de Cuenca (Ecuador) el 19 de junio de 2020:

viernes, 17 de julio de 2020

II parte Conferencia Implementación de cursos en línea masivos y abiertos accesibles

Conferencia impartida en la Universidad Estatal a Distancia (UNED) de Costa Rica.

Contenido:

Cómo diseñar y ofertar cursos masivos y abiertos accesibles, y la importancia de elaborar recursos accesibles, a partir de la experiencia del Dr. Sergio Luján Mora en la Universidad de Alicante, España.


lunes, 13 de julio de 2020

I parte Conferencia Implementación de cursos en línea masivos y abiertos accesibles

Conferencia impartida en la Universidad Estatal a Distancia (UNED) de Costa Rica.

Contenido:

Cómo diseñar y ofertar cursos masivos y abiertos accesibles, y la importancia de elaborar recursos accesibles, a partir de la experiencia del Dr. Sergio Luján Mora en la Universidad de Alicante, España.

viernes, 10 de julio de 2020

Curso sobre desarrollo de aplicaciones web accesibles con React

El curso Develop Accessible Web Apps with React es de pago ($99), pero es el primero que veo que trate este tema. La descripción dice que en este curso se aprende:

  • The impact of in-accessible web apps different disability groups
  • How to access web sites in the same way impaired users do
  • Inspecting & testing tools for accessibility
  • Write accessible and extensible UI elements & widgets
  • Iteratively refactor & test accessibility issues

lunes, 6 de julio de 2020

Otro artículo sobre los problemas que causan los "accessibility overlays"

No es que yo busque estos artículos, ellos me encuentran a mí.

Una "web accessibility overlay" es la capa que se añade a un sitio web mediante un software que promete mejorar la accesibilidad de los sitios web.

Muchos sitios web usan los "accessibility overlays" como solución rápida para decir que un sitio web es accesible, pero no es verdad al 100%: sí que es verdad que pueden resolver ciertos problemas, pero no todos. Y el principal problema, la falta de conocimiento de los desarrolladores del sitio web no lo resuelven: los desarrollos futuros seguirán teniendo problemas de accesibilidad y existirá una dependencia de estas soluciones.

En Overlays and Plugins Aren’t the Answer to Accessibility, que incluye un podcast, explican más cosas sobre los "accessibility overlays":
Website accessibility overlays and plugins aren’t the answer to accessibility and compliance, despite being touted as an easy, automated solution for web designers and developers and their clients. They present a plethora of problems.
What Is an Accessibility Overlay 
But first, let’s talk about what an accessibility overlay is. Like some accessibility plugins, an overlay is used to detect and fix accessibility issues on a website. An accessibility overlay is installed by simply adding one or a few lines of code—javascript—to the site. It modifies the site usually only at the browser level, not touching the site’s code.
The site gets analyzed and—poof!—the site is now magically fully accessible and compliant within a day or two, and it performs regular checks and fixes to ensure ongoing compliance. Sounds great, right?
Claims Made by Accessibility Overlay Vendors 
Many of the claims made by the vendors of these accessibility overlays sound way too good to be true. Let’s take a look at some of them:
  • “Just insert this code, and your site will be accessible.”
  • Scanning and fixing your site will be done every 24 hours (or other timeframe).
  • Overlays have a higher success rate than accessibility services.
  • They provide compliance to many laws, including ADA, Section 508, EN 301549 and WCAG 2.1 AA guidelines. I noticed some touting “100% compliance,” and others said “up to 50% compliance” for x price, then “up to 95% compliance” for higher rates. What if the site ends up being in 25% compliance? Sounds like it would still be what they are promising, so your client will get screwed.
And just a side note… Ironically, a lot of these overlay vendors have accessibility issues on their own sites that are using their own overlays!
Problems With Accessibility Overlays 
Now, there are some things an automated tool can check for and fix. Industry experts estimate that about 25% to 30% of accessibility issues can be detected. Those are the more cut-and-dry issues. Some other issues may be able to be found but not fixed properly or at all.
About 70% to 75% need to be dealt with manually, reviewed by a person, not an automated tool.
So let’s get into some of the specific problems with accessibility overlays.

viernes, 3 de julio de 2020

Una pequeña introducción a la discapacidad cognitiva

En An Introductory Guide to Understanding Cognitive Disabilities se muestra algunos ejemplos de las diferentes discapacidades cognitivas:

  • Aphasia Speaking (finding words), writing or understanding language
  • Autism May have difficulty understanding some communications or social interactions
  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Focusing and Keeping Attention
  • Dyslexia Recognizing letters and words
  • Dyscalculia Recognizing numbers and symbols
  • Intellectual “intellectual functioning (such as learning, problem-solving, judgment) and/or adaptive functioning (activities of daily life such as communication and independent living)” – American Psychiatric Association
  • Memory Loss Difficult time remembering past events, new events, or both

Y los problemas que pueden experimentar:

  • Attention – ability to focus and keep focused on the current task
  • Processing Speed – the rate at which the brain handles information
  • Short-Term Memory – the ability to retain information for short periods of time
  • Long-Term Memory – the ability to store and recall information for later use
  • Logic & Reasoning – the ability to reason, prioritize and plan
  • Language Processing – the ability to recognize letters and words and the ability to understand written or spoken language
  • Math Processing – the ability to recognize numbers and symbols and the ability to understand and calculate simple math



miércoles, 1 de julio de 2020

Cómo diseñar para personas ciegas y con visión parcial

Muy interesante el artículo How to design websites for blind and partially sighted people:

According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 253 million people live with vision impairment across the globe. 36 million are blind and 217 million have moderate to severe vision impairment.

As of 2014, there are around 360,000 people registered as blind or partially sighted in the UK. But these are just the people who are registered. According to the RNIB the figure doesn’t take into account, “those who are waiting for treatment, those whose sight could be improved, those who have not registered for whatever reason and people whose sight loss is not at a level that allows them to register.”

RNIB estimates that a truer figure is roughly two million people living with significant sight loss in the UK.

[...]

In November 2016, Gov.uk published the results of their assistive technology survey, in which the Government Digital Service asked 712 users about what devices, web browsers and assistive technology they used to access GOV.UK.

These are the results:
  • Screen magnifier 30%
  • Screen reader 29%
  • Speech recognition 18%
  • Readability 15%
  • Other 8%

[...]

Do you run user testing with blind and partially sighted people? If so, what are the most common issues they find navigating the web?
Andreas: Yes, we run user testing with blind and partially sighted people. Here are some of the more frequent problems found by blind users:
  • Areas not accessible via the screen reader
  • Page content not structured with headings
  • Headings do not follow logical sequence
  • Images without alternative text
  • Inputs without associated labels
  • Links without accessible description
  • Buttons without accessible description
  • Interactive elements not properly marked using the appropriate HTML element
  • We often find that the problems reported by blind and partially sighted people differ a lot.